When did hepatitis B vaccine become available?
The first hepatitis B vaccine became commercially available in the United States in 1982.
Cost of the vaccine?
Hepatitis B vaccine is FREE at all PHC and Govt. run immunisation center. In Private hospital, doctor charge for this vaccine from 200/-Rs to 400/- Rs depending on the brand and consulting fees.
Who should get this vaccine?
Hepatitis B vaccine, usually a three-dose series, is recommended for all children 0-18 years of age. It is recommended for infants beginning at birth in the hospital. All older children who did not get all the recommended doses of hepatitis B vaccine as an infant should complete their vaccine series as soon as possible.
Is hepatitis B vaccine safe?
Yes. Hepatitis B vaccines have been demonstrated to be safe when administered to infants, children, adolescents, and adults. Since 1982 millions of infants, adolescents and adults have been vaccinated across the globe and its safety is well established.
What side effects have been reported with this vaccine?
Practically no side effects for this vaccine. Of those children experiencing a side effect, most will have only a very mild reaction, such as soreness at the injection site or low-grade fever. Serious allergic reactions following hepatitis B vaccination are rare.
How effective is this vaccine?
After three properly administered doses of vaccine, at least 9 out of 10 healthy young adults and more than 9 out of 10 infants, children, and adolescents develop protective antibodies and subsequent immunity to HBV infection.
Why is this vaccine recommended for all babies when most of them won't be exposed to HBV for many years, if then?
There are four reasons for recommending that all infants receive hepatitis B vaccine, starting at birth. First, people have a very high risk for developing chronic HBV infection if they become infected at birth or during childhood, with an increased risk of dying prematurely from liver cancer or cirrhosis. In addition, HBV infection in infants and young children usually produces no symptoms, so these individuals can spread the infection to others without knowing it.
Third, most early childhood spread of HBV occurs in households where a person has chronic HBV infection, but the spread of HBV has also been recognized in daycare centers and schools.
Fourth, long-term protection following infant vaccination is expected to last for decades and will ultimately protect against acquiring infection at any age.
Should I be tested before I get the vaccine to see if I'm already infected or immune?
Blood testing before vaccination is not recommended for the routine vaccination of infants, children, and adolescents. However, children born in countries where HBV is moderate or highly endemic should be tested to be sure they are not already infected.
Should I get my blood tested after getting the vaccine series to make sure it worked?
Testing after vaccination is not recommended routinely. Testing after vaccination is recommended only for people whose medical care depends on knowledge of their response to the vaccine. This includes infants born to HBV-infected mothers; healthcare and public safety workers at risk of continued exposure to blood on the job; immune-compromised people (e.g., people with AIDS or on hemodialysis); and sex and needle-sharing partners of people with chronic HBV infection.
Who should NOT receive hepatitis B vaccine?
People who had a serious allergic reaction to one dose of hepatitis B vaccine should not have another dose of hepatitis B vaccine. People with a history of hypersensitivity to yeast should not receive this vaccine. People with a moderate or severe acute illness should postpone receiving the vaccine until their condition is improved.
Can I get this vaccine when I am pregnant?
Will hepatitis B vaccination protect me from hepatitis A or hepatitis C?
No. Hepatitis A and hepatitis C are different diseases caused by different viruses. There is a vaccine for hepatitis A, but there is no vaccine for hepatitis C at this time.
What are the combinations available for Hepatitis B vaccine?
Immunisation for hepatitis B is given either as one injection or in combination with diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b. Combonation of Hepatitis A and Hepatits B vaccine is also available.
Who are at risk of Hepatitis B?
Babies, children and adults are all at risk of catching hepatitis B as the virus is passed on from mother to baby through the blood stream, and through transfer of blood (e.g. cuts, school sores) and sexual activity.
How good is the protection offered by this vaccine?
About 95% of children show a good response to three doses of the vaccine. It is better to immunise for hepatitis B at a younger age as the response in people over the age of 40 is not as effective.
What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is the second biggest preventable cause of cancer in the world. This is the first anti-cancer vaccine.
Hepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. Hepatitis B can be passed on to others (by blood or unprotected sex). Babies can catch hepatitis B from their mothers before or during the birth. Children can catch hepatitis B at school and in playgrounds. This probably occurs in the playground, from cuts and grazes, or from contact with skin infections such as school sores.
Hepatitis B can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death. Children who catch hepatitis B tend to be less ill initially than adults who catch it, but get more long term problems later in life.
What if mother is Hepatitis B positive?
All pregnant women should undergo a blood test to see if they are chronic, infectious carriers of the hepatitis B virus. If they are, their babies are at great risk of catching the virus and becoming chronic carriers.
Babies born to infectious mothers are immunised very soon after birth. They are also given an injection of antibodies to the hepatitis B virus to stimulate the baby’s immune system to fight off the hepatitis B virus.
Adapted from www.vaccineinformation.org.
Tags: Hepatitis B Vaccine, Hepatitis B Vaccine Cost, Hepatitis B Vaccine Schedule,
Tags: Hepatitis B vaccine, Hep B vaccine cost, Cost of Hep B vaccine in India, Hepatitis a & b vaccine, what is hepatitis b vaccine, hepatitis b vaccine shots, Hepatitis b vaccine schedule